Sunday, 10 May 2020

FIRE SAFETY

FIRE SAFETY

Fire safety is the set of practices intended to reduce the destruction caused by fire.

Introduction - All Combustion (Fire) involves chemical reactions and many effects of Fire can be observed easily using the principle of Physics & Chemistry. The professional fire fighters must know something about these two branches of Science i.e. Physics & Chemistry.

Heat : Heat is defined as energy possessed by a substance due to motion/vibration of molecule. Total heat contained by a body is equal to the product of its Mass, Temperature and Specific heat.

Combustion : It is chemical process that involves oxidation, sufficient to produce heat and light.

  • Classical Triangle concept of Fire :-

Fire triangle - Wikipedia
Fire Triangle
 Fire usually takes place when THREE things are present 
  1. Oxygen (O2) : Either from air or from some other form.
  2. Heat : Sufficient to maintain combustion.
  3. Fuel/Combustible material : To combine with Oxygen (O2)
Removal of any one of them cause the triangle to collapse and further combustion stop.
                                             





  • The Tetrahedron concept of Fire :-
Fire Tetrahedron
As per recent research, the chemical reaction involve in fire is not as simple as the triangle indicates and that FOURTH FACTOR is present which is called as "Chemical Chain Reaction", Where burning continues and even accelerate once it has began.
The Chain reaction is caused by the breakdown, re-combination of the molecule..
Molecules that are close to the heat source begin to vibrate rapidly and instantaneously begin to break apart.  In a series of chemical reaction these fragments continue to break up and producing free Carbon & Hydrogen that combine with the Oxygen in air. This combination release additional energy and so on.


Q.   What is Fire in simple ?
Ans. Fire is Chemical reaction between Oxygen(O2), Heat & Fuel.


  • Types of Fire :-

ABCs of Fire Extinguishers | Fire Prevention Services | The ...
Types of Fire



Wednesday, 6 May 2020

Topics Cover Under Industrial Safety OR Work Place Safety


6 Steps to Creating and Maintaining a Safe Workplace - Marlin Company




Industrial Safety covers a number of issues and topics affecting safety of personnel and the integrity of equipment in a particular industry.





The following topics are generally discussed :

  • General Safety – General aspects of safety which are common to all industries
  • Occupational Safety and Health – Particularly associated with the occupation
  • Process and Production Safety - Related to Operation process safety
  • Workplace Safety – Safety issues directly related to the workplace safety
  • Fire Safety - Safety related to Fire Hazards in any premises.
  • Chemical Safety - Safety related to Import, Storage and Handling of Chemicals.
  • Electrical Safety – Arising from the electrical equipment used.
  • Building and Structural Safety – Including installations as per existing building code
  • Environmental Safety – Concerns the direct and indirect environmental impact of the industry
  • Safety Equipment and PPE(Personal Protecting Equipment) - Essential for safety of persons who working near or at hazardous equipment/process.
  • Workplace Ergonomics Safety - It is important to teach correct posture of lifting, sitting, bending, twisting technique to employee, worker to minimize the risk to their bodies.
  • Accident/Incident/Hazard Reporting - It is important part to report Accidents/Incident/Hazard at or near workplace to improve safety.


NC DOL: Occupational Safety and Health
Think about it....


Importance of Industrial Safety



The Importance of Safety for Industrial Business Owners and ...
Importance of Industrial Safety or Work Place Safety

  • There are the obvious reasons why workplace safety should be our priority including:                  
            1. Injury   2.  Death.  
          These two reasons should need no explanation. 
  • Along with the above-mentioned pain, suffering and death, there is the financial impact.
           1.  Corporate financial loss
           2.  Property damage
          
          Death & injury impact the company financially.  It is in the best interest for both employee and employer to put safety first, minimize risk to life and therefore reduce financial loss and property damage.  
  • When a company puts their employees first and implements proper safety training and education and then enforces it, several positive results happen.
           1.  Worker productivity increases
           2.  the Service or Quality of the product improves
           3.  Corporate reputation / public relations improves
  • Industrial Safety is important as it safeguards human life, especially in high risk areas such as nuclear, aircraft, chemical, oil and gases, and mining industries, where a fatal mistake can be catastrophic. 
  • Industrial Safety reduces risks to people, and processes. Process control and safety systems are usually merged.
  • Maintaining a safe and healthy working environment is not only an important human resources issue, it's the law. Whether they're entry-level workers, supervisors, or plant managers, the employees need to understand health and safety risks, the steps they need to take to minimize those risks, and common safety standards and compliance procedures.
  • Health and safety is the key factor for all the industries in order to promote the wellness of both employees and employers. It is a duty and moral responsibility of the company to look after the employee’s protection.
  • Workplace health and safety procedures are important for the well-being of both employees and employers because human loss is immeasurable and intolerable. As, such loss or injuries can employ major loss to the families.
Top 10 Reasons — Why workplace safety is Important?
Stay Safe & Be Safe ! ! !
                                  

Monday, 4 May 2020

Industrial safety in simple


 Safety Posters - Buy Industrial Safety Posters Product on Alibaba.com

What is Industrial Safety in simple ?
Industrial Safety Can be defined as freedom from unacceptable risks of Industrial hazards. Since Safety is state function and can change with variation of properties of risk and hazards.
So every possible steps shall be taken to reduce or minimize the risks of hazards.

Industrial Safety is often called Workplace Safety or Occupational Health & Safety (OHS).